Tag Archive: Sanitasi

Towards Better Programming: A Sanitation Handbook

Book Title: Towards Better Programming: A Sanitation Handbook

Publication: A publication of UNICEF/Programme Division Water, Environment and Sanitation ID No. UNICEF/PD/WES/98-3

Excecutive Summary:

This handbook has been prepared to help you— working groups of professionals responsible for sanitation programming—prepare realistic and better sanitation programmes. “Better” will not be perfect, however, because the field requires continual innovation, rigorous study, and steady improvement to meet the challenges of the sanitation sector.

As you work through the programme cycle, use this handbook as a guide and reference on major topics of sanitation programming. Assessment, analysis, and action—the “Triple A” methodology—are incorporated into this systematic planning approach. The handbook will help you to explore the major questions, considerations, and options for each of a series of major topical aspects of sanitation programming. In the past decade, UNICEF has been giving increasing emphasis to sanitation. In her Mid Decade Goal Review Speech in the General Assembly, for example, UNICEF Executive Director Carol Bellamy mentioned sanitation as one of the agency’s four major goals and a field of growing importance in our global field work. In addition, the UNICEF

Executive Board has urged the UNICEF secretariat to place greater emphasis on environmental sanitation, hygiene, and behavioural change—and to allocate resources as required (1995). The Executive Board also approved a new water, environment, and sanitation (WES) strategy emphasizing the deployment of participatory approaches; capacity building; community contributions toward recurrent and capital costs of basic service levels; gender-balanced approaches; improved monitoring systems; effective intersectoral linkages; and greater attention to deprived, low-income urban areas.

The sector remains in a learning phase; as such there are no easy answers. To help you learn from the promisingwork of others, examples of programmes, projects, and activities reflecting better programming principles in action are provided in the handbook; over time, however, your own work will be expanding its content as well. Your WES colleaguesand those of partner agencies are here to help you in that process.

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Definisi Sanitasi

Pengertian Sanitasi

            Sanitasi merupakan suatu usaha yang dilakukan baik oleh pemerintah, instansi-instansi pemerintah ataupun masyarakat terhadap pencemaran yang terjadi (Depkes, 2008) yang meliput penyediaan air bersih, pembuangan kotoran manusia (jamban/wc), pembuangan air limbah dan pengelolaan sampah (tempat sampah).

Sanitasi adalah perilaku disengaja dalam pembudayaan hidup bersih dengan maksud mencegah manusia bersentuhan langsung dengan kotoran dan bahan buangan berbahaya lainnya dengan harapan usaha ini akan menjaga dan meningkatkan kesehatan manusia. (www.wikipedia.com)

            Dalam A Guide to the Development of On-site Sanitation, WHO (1992) dikatakan bahwa:

“ Sanitation refers to all conditions that affect health, expecially with regard to dirt and infection and specifically to the drainage and disposal of sewage and refuse from houses. Environmental sanitation as including the control of community water supplies, excrete and wastewater disposal, refuse disposal, vectors of disease, housing conditions, food supplies and handling, atmospheric conditions, and the safety of the working environment.”

            Pengertian lain tentang sanitasi dijelaskan oleh Water Sanitation Program (WSP); a guide to decision making (2008) menjelaskan bahwa :

“ sanitation’ refers to the safe management and disposal of human excreta. It is important to understand that this involves service delivery, not just the installation of infrastructure; both service providers and users need to act in defined ways”.

            Dari pengertian di atas dapat ditarik kesimpulan bahwa sanitasi adalah manajemen segala bentuk buangan limbah yang berpengaruh pada kesehatan baik itu limbah padat maupun cair. Dikatakan lebih lanjut, terkait dengan limbah manusia diperlukan juga penyediaan seperti air bersih, drainase, dan pengelolaan limbah padat, dimana dalam penangulangannya diperlukan adanya koordinasi dengan lembaga-lembaga yang terkait.



Water Sanitation Program (WSP); AGuide to Decision Making.(2008)

World Health Organization; A Guide to The Development of On-Site Sanitation. (1992)